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The history of Le Cap d'Antibes is known through the history of Antibes which exceptional site has been well known since the high antiquity.

Between the second and the first millenium b.c., various nomadic tribes, probably lured by the beauty of the site, started to settle down and found some primitive village.

Around the fifth century b.c., Greeks seafarers, opening trading posts all along the Mediterranean cost, founded Antipolis. Antipolis rapidly became a significant port. Antipolis meant the opposite city, opposite to Corsica, as Antipolis was an ideal stop between Corsica and Massilia (today Marseille) or opposite to Nikke (Nice), Nikke being such name in recognition for the Greek Goddess of Victory. A former Greek Acropolis was where the Château Grimaldi is today.

The surroundings of Antibes, and more specifically Le Cap d'Antibes were covered with pines forest, with basic habitations along the sea. The Garoupe was already well known and used by fishermen to catch fishes.

In the 2nd century b.c., the whole region, which had to face numerous and heavy attacks from the surrounding tribes such as the Oxibiens and Cannois, finally asked protection to the Romans in 154 b.c.. The Romans defeated the Oxibiens and the whole region became a roman province, the Alpae Maritimae.

Under the Romans, Antipolis continued to develop very well, becoming the biggest town of the region. The famous Aurelia Road was crossing the city, which was a major stop for the Romans going to Gaul. A Roman Castrum replaced the Greek Acropolis. The city had large fortifications, aqueducts, public baths, a triumphal arch, and a Temple dedicated to Mercury, god of Commerce. The current places of Le Cap d'Antibes as well as Juan les Pins were part of the city.

In the 4h century a.c., the Roman Empire converted to the Christianity, the invasions from the barbarian tribes, the ostrogoths and the wisigoths, started, and the dislocation of the Roman Empire began. A long period of devastation for the whole region started.

Antipolis became Antiboul with the consecration of the city to Christianity in the middle of the 5th century. However, region kept being devastated by numerous tribes and remained very unsafe for few centuries. In the 10th century, Antibes had its first Seigneur, the Seigneur of Antibes, Seigneur Rodoart. He started to protect the whole region by pushing back the invaders. A castle was built with the former roman stones, where he lived. Antibes built the fortifications (the year 1000 town walls) as invaders were as well coming from the sea. In the 11th and 12th centuries, Antibes knew some renewal, but in the following centuries, insecurity, wars and epidemics put the whole region on a big recession again. People were mainly living inside the city, behind the city walls. Le Cap d'Antibes, unsafe, was not really inhabited. Peace came back in the region by the end of the 14th century. The Comte de Provence who was protecting and owning the region, died by the end of the 15th century and left his lands to Louis XI, King of France.

Le Cap d'Antibes really started to develop by the middle of the nineteen century. At that time, wealthy people from all Europe, notably UK and Russia started to discover that place and built luxurious dwellings.

In 1880, the surrounding town Juan les Pins was discovered by the Duke of Albany, son of the Queen Victoria. At that time it was a forest of pines surrounded by sandy beaches.

In 1926, the castle of Antibes was bought by Antibes municipality to convert it into a Museum. Picasso stayed there 6 months. He left all his works and the castle of Antibes became the Picasso Museum.

Juan les Pins had its glorious days during the twenties when American people brought there a certain way of life made of fun, enjoying sandy beaches, and... Jazz. It was an immediate success. All Europe youth in search of fun and best know American stars such as Frank Jay Gould, Scott and Jelda Fitzgerald, or Douglas Fairbanks used to go to Juan. That was the beginning of les années folles (the crazy years). After world war II, the exuberance atmosphere of Juan started again, making it being the European New Orleans. Sidney Bechet was impressed by the beauty of the place and married there in 1951, during a crazy day, made of orchestras in the streets, famous stars and journalists from all over the world, and dancers. Sidney Bechet even played for the fist time In the streets of Antibes, one of his greatest hits. In 1960, the Jazz Festival of Juan les Pins was launched. All the big ones came: Armstrong, Count Basie, Charles Mingus, Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, Duke Ellington, Sarah Vaughan, Ray Charles....Hancock, Georges Benson, Keith Jarrett, Al Jarreau. Nowdays, the Jazz festival is held every July.



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